Normalized space for UMP is presented as a rectangle with axes (TN, F0N).
The interval [0 - 1/3] on the abscise TN is a pre-nucleus,
[1/3 - 2/3] is a nucleus, and
[2/3 - 1] is a post-nucleus.
The intervals on the ordinate F0N: [0 ‑1/3] - low level,
[1/3 - 2/3] - mid level,
[2/3 - 1] - high level.
|Type of tone||No||Pitch varieties||Types of utterances. Common usage.||Typical examples|
|Rising||1||Mid Wide||General, Elliptical questions, Tags||Is it di+fficult?|
|2||Low Wide||General questions, Tags, Non finality||Can I speak to Ma+ry?|
|3||High Narrow||Interrogative repetitions||Na+tive?|
|4||Low Narrow||Statements, Tags||Ye+sterday.|
|Falling||5||High Wide||Statements, Imperatives, Special questions||Li+sten to me, please!|
|6||Mid Wide||Statements, Imperatives, Tags, Special questions||Whe+re is she?|
|7||Low Narrow||Statements, Imperatives, Tags||It’s in the So+uth.|
|Falling-Rising||8||Undivided||Imperatives, Questions, Statements, Non-finality, Conversational formulas||They are re+ady.|
|Rising-Falling||10||Undivided||Statements, Special questions||It’s wo+nderful.|
|* In this table the [+] sign indicates the position of the nuclear vowel of the phrase.|